What impact does a product actually have on the environment? This and other questions can be answered in an “environmental product declaration". Environmental product declarations (EPD) are documents that quantify the environmental properties of a product over its entire life cycle. For this purpose, an EPD is based on the method of Life Cycle Assessment (see info box below).
An EPD contains, in a few pages, information relevant to the environment about the impacts on the environment in all phases of a product’s life cycle. Along with information about building physics, specifications about base materials and their sources are included, the manufacturing process is described, and notes given on the processing. Technical aspects, proofs and tests, such as emission behaviour and fire protection, are documented as well.
In the context of green building, EPDs are a crucial requirement for building certification (such as DGNB), because they provide credible, comparable information inspected by independent experts about the environment performance of products.
Target groups are mainly architects and planners who are faced with the task of choosing suitable products that have the relevant certification, within the context of ecological and sustainable construction projects. This is how the evaluation of the sustainability of a building’s LCA is created for the entire structure.
You can find our EPDs on the respective product page. All EPDs, and other information about this topic, can be found at the Institut für Bauen und Umwelt homepage.